Organic farming is a healthier technique to cultivate crops. Organic farming practices have brought about major changes in the health of humans and in the environment. The usage of chemicals is very rare in organic farming when compared to conventional farming techniques. Relatively, the market for organic yields has hyped significantly.
The major advantages of organic farming are:
- Reduced use of pesticides and chemicals
As per the census, if every farmers in the US practices organic farming, then we could decrease the use of 500 million chemical fertilizers and pesticides which could harmfully affect the environment. Only by a team effort, we could achieve this target. Chemicals can harm the nature in different ways:
- When they are applied on plants, they equally contaminate the soil, air and water. The effect of pesticides can last for decades.
- Care must be taken while using synthetic pesticides as they can adversely affect the growth of cover crops and the crop rotation technique. It can also result in soil erosion.
- Organic farming results in healthy soil
When you expect a yield with good quality and nutrients, you must treat the soil accordingly. You must stop treating soil with harmful chemicals and pesticides that can destroy the fertility of the soil. According to the environmental activists, adopting natural cultivation practices are much better than chemical soil management. Studies show that when organic farming is practiced in a field, its fertility and richness increases year by year.
- Prevents soil erosion
Scientifically it is a proven fact that organic farming can prevent soil erosion and other land issues. While comparing organic and conventional farming technique, the top soil of organically fed crops is featured eight inches more than the other. Soil erosion is a serious environmental issue that affects the land, food supply and humans. To an extent organic farming reduces soil erosion.
- Decreases the effect of global warming
Scientist has proved that healthy organic farming system can reduce the emission of carbon-di-oxide and helps in slow climatic change. Consistency in the climatic change is maintained. Statistically speaking, if 10,000 normal farms in the US were converted to organic farms, it helps to much of the carbon inside the soil. This helps in declining almost 1,174,400 cars from the road. This would be a great achievement.
- Organic farming maintains the quality of water
Water scarcity and the unavailability of healthy drinking water is a major threat to our planet. Researchers reveal that 45% of the fresh water bodies in the planet is polluted by chemicals used for conventional farming. The chemical pesticides and fertilizers make fresh water inappropriate to consume.
Organic farming does not pollute water but helps to keep them clean and stops pollution.
- Discourages algal bloom
Algal bloom can negatively affect the health of people and the marine creatures. They also cause depletion in tourism and regional economics. The major cause of algal blooms are the run offs from the petroleum based fertilizers which is generally used in conventional farming.
- Supports the health and welfare of the living creatures
Natural habitat consists of microorganisms, insects, birds, fish, animals, humans etc. Organic farming enhances the growth of these living organisms without destroying their habitat and providing better conditions that makes them happy in the farmland.